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India

India

India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the second-most populous country, the seventh-largest country by land area, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia. Modern humans arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa no later than 55,000 years ago. Their long occupation, initially in varying forms of isolation as hunter-gatherers, has made the region highly diverse, second only to Africa in human genetic diversity. Settled life emerged on the subcontinent in the western margins of the Indus river basin 9,000 years ago, evolving gradually into the Indus Valley Civilisation of the third millennium BCE. By 1200 BCE, an archaic form of Sanskrit, an Indo-European language, had diffused into India from the northwest, unfolding as the language of t... [More]
  • Last : 38,128.9
  • High : 38,232.71
  • Low : 37,762.41
  • Max Fluctuation : -
  • Max Fluctuation % : -
  • Open : -
  • Time : 14:47:12
  • Yesterday : 38,128.9
  • Change % : 0%
  • Change : 0
  • Last : 74.77
  • High : 74.79
  • Low : 74.77
  • Max Fluctuation : -
  • Max Fluctuation % : -
  • Open : -
  • Time : 01:08:07
  • Yesterday : 74.77
  • Change % : 0%
  • Change : 0
  • Last : 87.159
  • High : 87.159
  • Low : 86.8367
  • Max Fluctuation : 0.32
  • Max Fluctuation % : 0%
  • Open : 87.159
  • Time : 22:02:28
  • Yesterday : 86.8367
  • Change % : 0.37%
  • Change : 0.3223
  • Last : 5.817
  • High : 5.825
  • Low : 5.804
  • Max Fluctuation : -
  • Max Fluctuation % : -
  • Open : -
  • Time : 17:01:45
  • Yesterday : 5.817
  • Change % : 0%
  • Change : 0

India Currency Markets

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
AUD/INR Ask 53.132 - 53.073 53.132 0.06 0.11% 2020/07/26 Time 22:02
CAD/INR Ask 55.753 - 55.673 55.753 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/26 Time 22:02
CHF/INR Ask 81.254 - 80.881 81.254 0.37 0.46% 2020/07/26 Time 22:02
INR/CNY Ask 0.094 - 0.0937 0.094 0.00 0.32% 2020/07/26 Time 22:02
CNY/INR Ask 10.6556 - 10.646 10.6556 0.01 0.09% 2020/07/26 Time 22:02

India Indices

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
Nifty 50 USD 5183.09 - 5183.09 5183.09 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 23:31
India VIX 24.535 - 24.46 25.1175 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Nifty 100 11297.75 - 11225.5 11298.85 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Nifty 200 5751.95 - 5716.9 5752.3 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Nifty 50 Value 20 5438.9 - 5390 5438.9 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01

India Stocks

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
Dr. Reddy's Labs 54.51 - 54.51 54.51 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 2:36
Banas Finance 1.71 - 1.71 1.71 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 23:07
Beryl Securities 5.83 - 5.83 5.83 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 23:07
VMV Holidays 30.7 - 30.2 30.7 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 21:06
Dhanalaxmi Roto Spinners 18.3 - 17.4 18.3 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 20:08

India Bonds

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
India 2Y 4.17 - 4.17 4.221 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 17:01
India 3Y 4.678 - 4.409 4.678 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 17:01
India 4Y 4.7 - 4.691 4.705 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 17:01
India 5Y 4.941 - 4.918 4.946 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 17:01
India 6Y 5.385 - 5.378 5.395 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 17:01

India Funds

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
Reliance Liquid Fund - Treasury Plan - Direct Plan 4923.896 - 4922.998 4923.896 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 23:31
Reliance Liquid Fund Treasury Plan Direct Plan Mon 1592.024 - 1591.734 1592.024 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 23:31
Reliance Liquid Fund Treasury Plan Quarterly Divid 1005.835 - 1005.656 1005.835 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 23:31
Reliance Liquid Fund Treasury Plan Direct Plan Wee 1530.579 - 1530.3 1530.579 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 23:31
Reliance Liquid Fund Treasury Plan Direct Plan Qua 1007.621 - 1007.438 1007.621 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/25 Time 23:31

India ETFs

Indicator Value Previous Low High Change Change % Time Chart
Goldman Sachs CPSE 17.74 - 17.65 17.87 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Goldman Sachs Banking 227.83 - 225.48 228.61 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Motilal Oswal Most Shares Midcap 100 16.14 - 16.05 16.24 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Goldman Sachs Junior BeES 276.78 - 274.99 277.74 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01
Goldman Sachs Nifty BeES 119.12 - 117.97 119.12 0.00 0.00% 2020/07/24 Time 15:01

Economic Indicators + Forecasts

  • Actual

  • Forecast

Indicator Last Time Previous Range Frequency Metric

Auto Exports

0 20 Mar 415329 2663 : 421107 Monthly

Balance of Trade

790.00 20 Jun -3150 -20211 : 790 Monthly Jun/20

Bank Lending Rate

9.00 20 Jul 9 8 : 20 Monthly Jul/20

Business Confidence

105.00 20 Mar 102 96.4 : 128 Quarterly Mar/20

CPI Transportation

133.50 20 Jun 132 103 : 134 Monthly

Capacity Utilization

0 19 Dec 69.1 68.6 : 83.2 Quarterly

Capital Flows

-19.36 20 Mar -150 -822 : 767 Quarterly Mar/20

Car Production

60949.00 20 Jun 14072 7277 : 292861 Monthly

Car Registrations

77341.00 20 Jun 27441 2753 : 304900 Monthly

Cash Reserve Ratio

3.00 20 Jul 3 3 : 10.5 Daily Jul/20

Cement Production

22210.00 20 May 4077 4077 : 33124 Monthly

Central Bank Balance Sheet

27026.23 20 Jun 26395 1624 : 27026 Monthly Jun/20

Changes in Inventories

0 20 Mar 647 184 : 731 Quarterly

Competitiveness Index

0 19 Dec 62.02 4.2 : 62.02 Yearly

Competitiveness Rank

0 19 Dec 58 42 : 71 Yearly

Composite Pmi

37.80 20 Jun 14.8 7.2 : 57.6 Monthly

Construction Output

-23.40 20 May -37 -37 : 11.66 Monthly May/20

Consumer Confidence

83.70 20 Mar 85.7 83.7 : 117 Quarterly Mar/20

Consumer Price Index Cpi

151.60 20 Jun 151 86.81 : 152 Monthly Jun/20

Consumer Spending

21250.99 20 Mar 21824 4470 : 21824 Quarterly Mar/20

Coronavirus Cases

0 20 Jul 1287945 1 : 1336861 Daily Jul/20

Coronavirus Deaths

0 20 Jul 30601 0 : 31358 Daily Jul/20

Coronavirus Recovered

0 20 Jul 782606 4 : 817208 Daily Jul/20

Corporate Tax Rate

25.17 20 Dec 25.17 25.17 : 38.95 Yearly Dec/20

Corruption Index

0 19 Dec 41 26.3 : 41 Yearly

Corruption Rank

0 19 Dec 78 35 : 95 Yearly

Cpi Housing Utilities

154.70 20 Jun 156 100 : 156 Monthly

Credit Rating

0 20 Jul : Monthly 56

Crude Oil Production

0 20 Mar 618 526 : 813 Monthly Mar/20

Currency

74.75 20 Jul 74.81 7.19 : 77.01 Daily

Current Account

584.38 20 Mar -2605 -31857 : 7360 Quarterly Mar/20

Current Account to GDP

-0.90 19 Dec -2.1 -4.8 : 2.3 Yearly Dec/19

Deposit Growth

0 20 Jul 11 2.7 : 29.3 Biweekly

Disposable Personal Income

206752290.00 19 Dec 192817450 91540 : 206752290 Yearly Dec/19

Ease of Doing Business

0 19 Dec 77 63 : 139 Yearly

Electricity Production

0 17 Dec 241842 27666 : 266308 Yearly

Employed Persons

29579.00 12 Dec 28999 17491 : 29579 Yearly Thousand

Employment Rate

0 18 Dec 47.8 46.8 : 50.8 Yearly Dec/18

Export Prices

376.00 18 Dec 372 100 : 376 Yearly Dec/18

Exports

21910.00 20 Jun 19050 59.01 : 32720 Monthly Jun/20

External Debt

0 20 Mar 563938 96392 : 563938 Quarterly Mar/20

Fiscal Expenditure

5118.41 20 May 3071 137 : 26864 Monthly May/20

Food Inflation

7.87 20 Jun 9.28 -2.65 : 14.72 Monthly Jun/20

Foreign Direct Investment

2016.00 20 May 1366 -1336 : 8569 Monthly May/20

Foreign Exchange Reserves

517637.00 20 Jul 516362 29048 : 517637 Weekly Jul/20

GDP

2875.14 19 Dec 2713 37.03 : 2875 Yearly Dec/19

GDP Annual Growth Rate

3.10 20 Mar 4.1 -5.2 : 11.4 Quarterly Mar/20

GDP Constant Prices

38036.01 20 Mar 36427 7500 : 38036 Quarterly Mar/20

GDP Deflator

138.80 20 Dec 135 100 : 146 Yearly Dec/20

GDP From Agriculture

5306.26 20 Mar 6099 2691 : 6099 Quarterly Mar/20

GDP From Construction

2670.00 20 Mar 2594 1861 : 2730 Quarterly Mar/20

GDP From Manufacturing

6057.38 20 Mar 5565 3331 : 6144 Quarterly

GDP From Mining

1092.85 20 Mar 846 556 : 1093 Quarterly

GDP From Public Administration

4816.30 20 Mar 4801 2329 : 4816 Quarterly

GDP From Utilities

748.63 20 Mar 728 463 : 816 Quarterly

GDP Growth Rate

1.10 19 Dec 1.1 -1.8 : 5.8 Quarterly Dec/19

GDP Per Capita Ppp

6754.30 19 Dec 6497 1792 : 6754 Yearly

GDP per capita

2169.10 19 Dec 2086 330 : 2169 Yearly

Gasoline Prices

1.01 20 Jun 0.94 0.48 : 1.34 Monthly Jun/20

Gold Reserves

641.80 20 Mar 618 358 : 642 Quarterly Mar/20

Government Bond 10Y

5.82 20 Jul 5.82 4.96 : 14.76 Daily

Government Budget

-4.59 19 Dec -3.34 -8.13 : -2.53 Yearly Dec/19

Government Budget Value

-4663.43 20 May -2795 -10365 : -94.06 Monthly May/20

Government Debt to GDP

69.62 19 Dec 68.3 47.94 : 83.23 Yearly Dec/19

Government Revenues

454.98 20 May 275 0.82 : 17507 Monthly May/20

Government Spending

3807.47 20 Mar 3877 736 : 4656 Quarterly Mar/20

Government Spending To GDP

13.21 19 Dec 12.93 11.81 : 19.42 Yearly Dec/19

Gross Fixed Capital Formation

10943.23 20 Mar 10718 2022 : 11702 Quarterly

Gross National Product

14522931.00 19 Dec 13954956 8659505 : 14522931 Yearly

Hospital Beds

0 17 Dec 0.48 0.41 : 0.72 Yearly Dec/17

Households Debt To GDP

12.20 19 Dec 12 8.7 : 12.2 Quarterly Dec/19

Housing Index

114.00 19 Sep 105 77 : 114 Quarterly Sep/19

IP Addresses

0 17 Mar 9261013 1768679 : 14278593 Quarterly

Import Prices

513.00 18 Dec 523 100 : 523 Yearly Dec/18

Imports

21110.00 20 Jun 22200 117 : 45730 Monthly Jun/20

Industrial Production

-18.30 20 Mar 5.2 -18.3 : 19.9 Monthly

Industrial Production Mom

-10.00 20 Mar -2.7 -14.2 : 14.8 Monthly

Inflation Expectations

10.20 20 Jun 9 7.9 : 16 Quarterly

Inflation Rate

6.09 20 Jun 6.26 1.54 : 12.17 Monthly Jun/20

Inflation Rate Mom

0.46 20 Jun -0.33 -1.55 : 2.25 Monthly Jun/20

Interbank Rate

3.22 20 Jul 3.18 3.1 : 12.97 Daily Jul/20

Interest Rate

4.00 20 Jul 4 4 : 14.5 Daily Jul/20

Internet Speed

0 17 Mar 5568 784 : 6492 Quarterly

Labor Force Participation Rate

49.80 18 Dec 50.4 49.8 : 63.7 Yearly Dec/18

Living Wage Family

0 18 Dec 19200 19200 : 19400 yearly

Living Wage Individual

0 18 Dec 10100 10100 : 10300 yearly

Loan Growth

6.10 20 Jul 6.2 4.1 : 18.7 Biweekly Jul/20

Manufacturing PMI

47.20 20 Jun 30.8 27.4 : 55.3 Monthly

Manufacturing Production

-22.40 20 Mar 3.1 -22.4 : 24.3 Monthly

Military Expenditure

0 18 Dec 64559 2759 : 66578 Yearly

Minimum Wages

178.00 20 Jan 178 35 : 178 Yearly Jan/20

Mining Production

-1.40 20 Mar 9.7 -17.5 : 13 Monthly

Money Supply M1

0 20 May 40462 80.15 : 41190 Monthly May/20

Money Supply M2

0 20 Jun 42339 1127 : 43310 Monthly Jun/20

Money Supply M3

0 20 Jun 172101 124 : 173942 Monthly Jun/20

Personal Income Tax Rate

35.88 20 Dec 35.88 30 : 35.88 Yearly Dec/20

Personal Savings

0 16 Dec 25430 6.34 : 26099 Yearly INR Billion

Population

1312.24 19 Dec 1298 359 : 1312 Yearly Dec/19

Producer Prices

119.30 20 Jun 118 62.44 : 123 Monthly Jun/20

Producer Prices Change

-1.81 20 Jun -3.21 -11.31 : 34.68 Monthly Jun/20

Remittances

14891.13 20 Mar 15185 5999 : 16373 Quarterly Mar/20

Retirement Age Men

60.00 19 Dec 60 60 : 60 Yearly Dec/19

Retirement Age Women

60.00 19 Dec 60 60 : 60 Yearly Dec/19

Reverse Repo Rate

3.35 20 Jun 3.35 3.25 : 13.5 Monthly

Sales Tax Rate

18.00 20 Dec 18 12.36 : 18 Yearly Dec/20

Services Pmi

33.70 20 Jun 12.6 5.4 : 57.5 Monthly

Social Security Rate

24.00 19 Dec 24 24 : 24 Yearly Dec/19

Social Security Rate For Companies

12.00 19 Dec 12 12 : 12 Yearly Dec/19

Social Security Rate For Employees

12.00 19 Dec 12 12 : 12 Yearly Dec/19

Steel Production

6917.00 20 Jun 5767 0 : 10042 Monthly

Stock Market

38128.90 20 Jul 38140 113 : 42274 Daily

Terms of Trade

73.30 18 Dec 71.1 57.9 : 100 Yearly

Terrorism Index

0 18 Dec 7.57 7.22 : 8.09 Yearly

Total Vehicle Sales

0 20 Mar 1646332 12914 : 2584096 Monthly

Tourism Revenues

0 20 Mar 182810 31530 : 226170 Monthly

Tourist Arrivals

328462.00 20 Mar 1015632 129286 : 1225672 Monthly

Unemployed Persons

44.85 16 Dec 48.26 5.1 : 48.26 Yearly Million

Unemployment Rate

11.00 20 Jun 23.5 6.7 : 23.5 Monthly Jun/20

Wages

272.19 14 Dec 256 3.87 : 272 Yearly INR/Day

Wages High Skilled

0 18 Dec 46200 43200 : 47300 yearly

Wages Low Skilled

0 18 Dec 11300 10900 : 13500 yearly

Wages in Manufacturing

347.30 14 Dec 322 4.86 : 347 Yearly INR/Day

Weapons Sales

0 18 Dec 56 0 : 56 Yearly

Youth Unemployment Rate

23.70 18 Dec 23.1 22.9 : 23.7 Quarterly Dec/18
Indicator Actual Q2/19 Q3/19 Q4/19 Q1/20 2020 Metric
Balance of Trade 790.00 -14100 -9200 -3100 -13200 -14100 Jun/20
Bank Lending Rate 9.00 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.75 8.5 Jul/20
Business Confidence 105.00 104 115 116 95 99 Mar/20
CPI Transportation 133.50 134 134 139 131 140
Capital Flows -19.36 -750 29 100 -750 7.98 Mar/20
Car Production 60949.00 130000 190000 200000 1530000 218720
Car Registrations 77341.00 165000 160000 210000 150000 215000
Cash Reserve Ratio 3.00 3 3 3 3 3 Jul/20
Cement Production 22210.00 26000 26000 30000 21000 31791
Central Bank Balance Sheet 27026.23 19500 19100 18300 26200 17900 Jun/20
Composite Pmi 37.80 51 51.8 52.3 52.5 52.5
Construction Output -23.40 4 4 4.2 7.5 3 May/20
Consumer Confidence 83.70 81 95 93 72 89 Mar/20
Consumer Price Index Cpi 151.60 155 153 158 151 162 Jun/20
Consumer Spending 21250.99 22587 22292 22569 20488 23830 Mar/20
Corporate Tax Rate 25.17 25.17 25.17 25.17 25.17 25.17 Dec/20
Cpi Housing Utilities 154.70 158 159 161 158 165
Currency 74.75 75.44 75.79 76.13 75.09 76.82
Current Account 584.38 -9000 -12000 -17000 -7000 -12600 Mar/20
Current Account to GDP -0.90 -0.6 -2.2 -2.2 -0.6 -2.2 Dec/19
Disposable Personal Income 206752290.00 213988620 216883152 219570932 195034851 225757994 Dec/19
Employed Persons 29579.00 30212 30212 33000 30183 32200 Thousand
Export Prices 376.00 385 385 385 385 400 Dec/18
Exports 21910.00 22200 30600 31400 19800 31900 Jun/20
Fiscal Expenditure 5118.41 19700 19700 19700 14600 21500 May/20
Food Inflation 7.87 5.8 4 6 10 4.3 Jun/20
Foreign Direct Investment 2016.00 5800 3200 2800 1000 2600 May/20
Foreign Exchange Reserves 517637.00 483000 470000 450000 508000 422000 Jul/20
GDP 2875.14 2610 2950 2950 2610 2950 Dec/19
GDP Annual Growth Rate 3.10 3.5 4.9 6.2 2.3 5.5 Mar/20
GDP Constant Prices 38036.01 37702 39900 40394 36256 39776 Mar/20
GDP Deflator 138.80 139 139 140 134 145 Dec/20
GDP From Agriculture 5306.26 6312 5566 5635 3720 6659 Mar/20
GDP From Construction 2670.00 2684 2801 2836 2469 2832 Mar/20
GDP From Manufacturing 6057.38 5760 6354 6433 5827 6076
GDP From Mining 1092.85 876 1146 1161 698 924
GDP From Public Administration 4816.30 4969 5052 5115 4704 5242
GDP From Utilities 748.63 754 785 795 804 795
GDP Growth Rate 1.10 1.5 1.9 2.3 3.4 2.2 Dec/19
GDP Per Capita Ppp 6754.30 6610 7500 7500 6610 7500
GDP per capita 2169.10 1900 2100 2100 1900 2100
Gasoline Prices 1.01 0.91 0.87 0.82 0.96 0.78 Jun/20
Gold Reserves 641.80 632 632 632 630 650 Mar/20
Government Bond 10Y 5.82 5.93 5.98 6.04 5.87 6.15
Government Budget -4.59 -10 -7.4 -7.4 -10 -7.4 Dec/19
Government Budget Value -4663.43 -6208 -6200 -6200 -6670 -6208 May/20
Government Debt to GDP 69.62 75 80 80 75 80 Dec/19
Government Revenues 454.98 13500 13500 13500 8200 15500 May/20
Government Spending 3807.47 4013 3994 4044 4710 4234 Mar/20
Government Spending To GDP 13.21 13.6 14 14 13.6 14 Dec/19
Gross Fixed Capital Formation 10943.23 11094 11479 11622 10476 11704
Gross National Product 14522931.00 15031234 15234555 15423353 14115438 15857951
Households Debt To GDP 12.20 11.5 11.5 11.5 11.5 12 Dec/19
Housing Index 114.00 130 130 130 125 142 Sep/19
Import Prices 513.00 510 510 510 510 510 Dec/18
Imports 21110.00 37400 39800 34500 33000 36200 Jun/20
Industrial Production -18.30 6.8 5.4 3.9 5.5 4.5
Industrial Production Mom -10.00 2 0.9 1.4 14 1
Inflation Expectations 10.20 4.5 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.1
Inflation Rate 6.09 3.2 3.2 4 3.6 4.5 Jun/20
Inflation Rate Mom 0.46 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.9 Jun/20
Interbank Rate 3.22 2.69 2.69 2.69 2.94 2.69 Jul/20
Interest Rate 4.00 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.75 3.5 Jul/20
Labor Force Participation Rate 49.80 51.5 51.5 52 50 52.5 Dec/18
Loan Growth 6.10 7.3 6.9 6.5 7 6.2 Jul/20
Manufacturing PMI 47.20 50.8 51.4 52 52 51
Manufacturing Production -22.40 7 7 4.2 8 5.6
Minimum Wages 178.00 178 190 190 178 190 Jan/20
Mining Production -1.40 4.1 4.1 3.5 -4 2.1
Personal Income Tax Rate 35.88 35.88 35.88 35.88 35.88 35.88 Dec/20
Population 1312.24 1326 1340 1340 1326 1340 Dec/19
Producer Prices 119.30 128 124 122 125 134 Jun/20
Producer Prices Change -1.81 3.9 2.7 2.5 3.3 4.5 Jun/20
Remittances 14891.13 14000 14000 14000 15500 13800 Mar/20
Retirement Age Men 60.00 60 60 60 60 60 Dec/19
Retirement Age Women 60.00 60 60 60 60 60 Dec/19
Reverse Repo Rate 3.35 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.1
Sales Tax Rate 18.00 18 18 18 18 18 Dec/20
Services Pmi 33.70 51 53.2 52 52 52.6
Social Security Rate 24.00 24 24 24 24 24 Dec/19
Social Security Rate For Companies 12.00 12 12 12 12 12 Dec/19
Social Security Rate For Employees 12.00 12 12 12 12 12 Dec/19
Steel Production 6917.00 9600 9600 9600 8950 9650
Stock Market 38128.90 36379 35536 34713 37244 33065
Terms of Trade 73.30 75.49 75.49 75.49 75.49 78.43
Tourist Arrivals 328462.00 350000 410000 490000 320000 800000
Unemployed Persons 44.85 42.54 42.34 43.32 42.75 43.32 Million
Unemployment Rate 11.00 15 13 11 15 9.8 Jun/20
Wages 272.19 356 356 356 356 372 INR/Day
Wages in Manufacturing 347.30 455 455 455 455 475 INR/Day
Youth Unemployment Rate 23.70 24 24 24 24 24 Dec/18